The term autoimmunity means that the human body’s immune system cannot recognise its own cells and tissues “by itself”. However, humoral and cellular immune responses, such as B-lymphocytes and T-lymphocytes, also occur when natural components (autoantigens) are perceived by each other as foreign or invading bodies.
Think of your body as a fortress and your immune system as an army of antibacterial warriors. If your army fails and your fortress is attacked, you could end up with lupus, multiple sclerosis, arthritis, psoriasis, and hundreds of other autoimmune diseases. You may experience pain, fatigue, dizziness, vomiting, anxiety, and many other symptoms.
What is an autoimmune disease?
Your immune system is designed to protect your body from bacteria, parasites, viruses, and cancer cells. An autoimmune disease occurs because instead of protecting your body, it attacks you. Why immune system does this is not clear.
More than 100 autoimmune diseases have been identified. Lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn’s disease, and ulcerative colitis are common. Autoimmune diseases can affect many tissues and almost all organs. Various possible symptoms include pain, tiredness (fatigue), vomiting, nausea, headache, and dizziness. Specific symptoms always depend on a specific disease.
An antigen is a substance that stimulates the body’s immune system and is usually foreign to the body, such as an infectious disease or otherwise. Antigens that recognise self-antigens are classified as non-self antigens and are called self-antigens, while antibodies (from B lymphocytes) and T lymphocytes that recognise self-antigens are called self-antibodies and self-reactive T cells.
How do autoimmune diseases work?
Scientists don’t know why your immune system turns against you. He can’t tell the difference between what’s healthy and what’s not—what you are and what someone else has an advantage over. There are a few theories as to why this happens, but experts don’t know everything.
A list of autoimmune diseases?
Digestive tract diseases:
- Crohn’s disease.
- Celiac disease.
- Ulcerative colitis.
Nervous system diseases:
- Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP)
- Guillain-Barre syndrome.
- Multiple sclerosis (MS)
Endocrine System Diseases:
- Graves’ disease.
- Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.
- Addison’s disease.
Bone and joint diseases:
- Psoriatic arthritis.
- Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
- Sjögren’s syndrome.
- Systemic lupus erythematosus (Lupus, SLE).
- Myasthenia gravis.
- Autoimmune vasculitis.
- Type 1 diabetes
- Pernicious anaemia.
It occurs in all autoimmune diseases. Such as Graves’ disease, Hashimoto’s rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and others.
What causes autoimmune diseases?
The cause of this autoimmune disease is unknown. However, there are many factors that can make an autoimmune disease worse. The disadvantages are as follows:
- Some medicines. Talk to your doctor about the side effects of blood thinners, statins, and antibiotics.
- Family history of autoimmune disease. Some diseases are hereditary—they run in families.
- Smoking a cigarette
- I already have an autoimmune disease. There is an increased risk of infection with other diseases.
- exposure to toxins
- Women: 78% of people with autoimmune diseases are women.
What does inflammation feel like?
- Mood Swings
- Pain in the body
Identification of autoimmune disorders
Autoimmune diseases can be difficult to diagnose, especially in the early stages, and involve multiple organs or systems. Depending on the disease, the diagnosis includes:
- Physical examination
- Medical history and research
- Blood tests and the detection of autoantibodies
- Perform a biopsy.
- An X-ray is indicated.
Do foods treat autoimmune diseases?
Some researchers believe that what you eat affects autoimmune diseases. Talk to your doctor or nutritionist about a good diet plan.
How can we prevent inflammation?
- Low stress
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Stop smoking cigarettes.
- Limit alcohol consumption.
- Improve your gut health.
- Exercise 4 to 5 times a week
- Modify your diet with anti-inflammatory foods